Jean Cocteau (1889-1963) was a French writer, filmmaker, and visual artist. He was a leading figure of the Surrealist movement and his work spanned multiple mediums, including poetry, theater, film, and visual art. Cocteau's work explored themes of love, death, and the human condition, and was marked by its dreamlike, fantastical qualities. He is perhaps best known for his films, including "Beauty and the Beast" and "Orpheus," which are celebrated for their imaginative storytelling and stunning visual effects. Cocteau's impact on French art and culture was significant, and his influence can still be seen in contemporary art today.